Safe Foods for Your Rabbit

Rabbits have quite a delicate system and when we don’t know what is safe and unsafe for our little furry friends, we risk upsetting their systems, which for baby rabbits can be deadly.

When choosing safe foods for your rabbit, you may choose to feed with store-bought pellets, or make up your own rabbit food blend, but chances are, you will want to supplement with vegetables and perhaps a treat of fruit now and then.

Safe Foods for Your Rabbit - Stone Family Farmstead

When giving certain vegetables, you will want to be mindful of the effects that regular feeding of these vegetables will have on your rabbit. Some are high in oxalic acid, which is toxic and can damage your rabbit’s kidneys over time. If you choose to give these to your rabbit, they should be only one out of three greens given per day.

Some vegetables, like carrots, contain more sugar than is good for your rabbit on a regular basis. These vegetables can cause obesity in your rabbits, which can lead to other health issues.

And still, other vegetables can give your rabbit gas if fed too much of them in one sitting. Notes following each vegetable suggestion will help you to understand which vegetables are best for your rabbit on a regular basis, and which should be given sparingly.

Safe Leafy Vegetables

These vegetables should make up 75% of your rabbit’s fresh portion of food each day. It is recommended to feed 1 packed cup for every 2 pounds of your rabbit’s body weight per day.

Basil (all types)
Beet greens (high in oxalic acid)
Bok choy
Borage leaves
Broccoli leaves (stems or tops can make rabbits gassy)
Carrot tops (carrots are high in calcium and should be given sparingly)
Collard greens
Cucumber leaves
Dandelion leaves
Fennel (the leafy tops as well as the base)
Frisee Lettuce
Kale (all types)
Lettuce - romaine or dark leaf (no iceburg lettuce and no cabbage)
Mint (all types)
Mustard greens (high in oxalic acid)
Parsley (high in oxalic acid)
Radish tops (high in oxalic acid)
Raspberry leaves
Red or green lettuce
Romaine lettuce
Spinach (high in oxalic acid)
Spring greens
Swiss chard (high in oxalic acid)
Turnip greens
Water cress
Yu choy

Safe Non-Leafy Vegetables

These should be fed sparingly each day due at about 1 tablespoon per 2 lbs of body weight per day.

Broccoli (leaves and stems)
Edible flowers (roses, nasturtiums, pansies, hibiscus)
Bell peppers (any color)
Chinese pea pods (the flat kind without large peas)
Brussel sprouts
Cabbage (any type)
Summer squash
Zucchini squash

Safe Fruits

These foods should be used for treats, as they are meant to be fed to your rabbit even more sparingly than non-leafy vegetables. Feed no more than 1 tsp. per 2 pounds of your rabbit’s weight per day.
NOTE: It is said that it is more nutritious to leave the skin on organic fruit when feeding to your rabbit. However, if you are not sure of the origin of your fruit and whether or not it is organic, remove the peels.

Apple (any variety, without stem and seeds)
Cherries (any variety, without the pits)
Plum (without the pits)
Berries (any type, raw)
Pineapple (remove skin)
Banana (remove peel; no more than about 2 1/8 inch slices a day for a 5 lb rabbit…they LOVE this!)
Melons (any – can include peel and seeds)
Star Fruit

A few things to remember

    • If you will be making vegetables and fruits a regular part of your rabbit’s diet, please consider purchasing organic and pesticide free veggies.
    • When introducing new fresh produce to your rabbit, do it slowly and only giving one new vegetable or fruit at a time. This will ensure that your rabbit’s intestinal tract has the time to adjust, and you the opportunity to see if your rabbit experiences any adverse reactions to the new food.
    • Leafy greens and new baby bunnies don’t mix well, as the leafy greens can cause diarrhea, which can be fatal to young rabbits.

**This post is ALWAYS being updated as I learn of more safe and nutritious foods for our rabbits, so make sure to bookmark this post so you can find my latest updated list of safe foods for your bunnies!**

Sources: (UK)
House Rabbit Society
My House Rabbit

Shared at Simple Life Sundays, The Art of Homemaking Mondays, Homesteading Blog Hop, The HomeAcre Hop, Farmgirl Friday Blog Hop, Simple Saturdays Blog Link Party, From the Farm, Tuesdays with a Twist, Homestead Blog Hop, Wildcrafting Wednesday, Our Simple Homestead Hop, Old Fashioned Friday. Front Porch Friday

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Kristi Stone

Kristi Stone

Honestly? I'm the author of this blog...sometimes. My family and I live in Sunny Southern California on a one acre hobby farm where we are working diligently to one day produce our dairy, eggs, and produce. That takes A LOT of work, so if you don't hear from me as soon as you'd like, give me a shout out in the comments and I'll chat back as soon as I can between the garden, goat kids, chickens, husband, human kids, and playing with my grandboy, Kieran. And in the mean time, if you'd like to see more frequently what goes on at our farm, please feel free to join my Facebook group (see the right column) where I am more active. I'd love to get to know you! 🙂
Kristi Stone

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  1. Very informative, I wish I would have known this when we had our rabbit. Followed you here from the HomeAcre Hop.

  2. We’ve had rabbits for 6 months now and the kids want to feed them everything!! Thanks for the great list. We’ll be talking about it.
    Hope to see you again tomorrow on the Homestead Blog Hop.

  3. I know that the closer you get to the animal’s natural diet in the wild – the better it is for them. Great list!

  4. thanks for adding this to From The Farm…it’s a great list to have, especially for first time bunny owners! I’m glad you’re back…missed you!

  5. I always question what is safe to treat our rabbits…I am going to print this off and keep it out in the barn. Thanks for the great list!

    This post would be a perfect addition to the new Our Simple Homestead Hop if you would like to share it with us!

  6. thank you thank was really helpful im going to get a bunny very soon and i was wondering if you have to give them baths?

    • It is not recommended to give rabbits baths is you can avoid it. It is highly stressful to them. So, if possible, spot clean any messes in the fur, and brush them daily.

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